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Jacobus Arminius
1560-1609

      Jacobus Arminius (also known by the Anglicized names of Jacob Arminius or James Arminius) was a Dutch theologian, best known as the founder of the anti-Calvinistic school in Reformed Protestant theology, thereby lending his name to a movement which resisted some of the tenets of Calvinism - Arminianism. The early Dutch followers of Arminius' teaching were also called the Remonstrants, after they issued a document containing five points of disagreement with classic Calvinism, entitled Remonstrantice (1610).

      Arminius became a professor of theology at Leiden in 1603, and remained there for the rest of his life. The theology of Arminianism was not fully developed during Arminius' time, but was systematized after his death and formalized in the Five articles of the Remonstrants in 1610. The works of Arminius (in Latin) were published at Leiden in 1629, and at Frankfort in 1631 and 1635. After his death the Synod of Dordrecht (1618-1619) judged his theology and its adherents anathemas and published the five points of Calvinism (later knows as TULIP) as a point-by-point response to the five points of the Arminian Remonstrants.

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Book
Concerning Divine Predestination - Table of Contents
       APPENDIX Theses Of Dr. Francis Junius Concerning Divine Predestination, Composed, In These Very Words, By Himself, And Publicly Discussed, Under His Direction, By William Coddaeus, In The University Of Leyden, In The Year 1593 -- Also Some Brief Annotations Of James Arminius. As We Have Frequently Referred To The Theses Of Doctor Francis Ju ...read
Book
Discussion Concerning Predestination - Table of Contents
       Discussion Between Arminius & Junius, Topic - Predestination A Friendly Discussion Between James Arminius & Francis Junius, Concerning Predestination, Conducted By Means Of Letters The origin of this discussion is thus stated by the elder Brandt: "On the subject of Predestination, he [Junius] endeavoured to defend the opinion of Calvin, by re ...read
Book
Dissertation of the 7th Chapter of Romans - Table of Contents
       A Dissertation On The True And Genuine Sense Of The Seventh Chapter Of St. Paul's Epistle To The Romans By That Famous Divine The Rev. James Arminius, D.D. A Native Of Oudewater, In Holland DEDICATION. TO THE MOST HONOUR ABLE AND NOBLE WILLIAM BARDESIUS, LIEUTENANT OF WARMENHUYSEN, A NOBLEMAN WHO IS OUR PATRON, AND WHO, ON MANY ACCOUNTS, IS ...read
Book
Letter to Hippolytus A Collibus - Table of Contents
      A LETTER ADDRESSED TO HIPPOLYTUS A COLLIBUS, Ambassador from the most illustrious Prince, The elector Palatine, Frederick IV, To the Seven United Dutch Provinces: BY THE REV. JAMES ARMINIUS, D.D. OF OUDEWATER IN HOLLAND An Eminent Professor Of Sacred Theology, Likewise, CERTAIN ARTICLES To be subjected to a diligent examination, because some contro ...read
ArticleNine Questions
      Exhibited, by the Deputies of the Synod, to Their Lordships the Curators of the University of Leyden, for the Purpose of Obtaining an Answer to each of them from the Professors of Divinity; and the Replies which James Arminius Gave to them, in November, 1605. With Other Nine Opposite Questions THE NINE QUESTIONS...AND NINE OPPOSITE QUESTIONS I. ...read
Book
On Predestination - Table of Contents
      To the noble and most potent the states of Holland and West Friezland, my Supreme Governor, my most noble, potent, wise and prudent Lords: After the conference which, by the command of your mightinesses, was convened here at the Hague, between Gomarus and myself, had been held in the presence of four ministers and under the superintendence of thei ...read
Sermon
Orations Of Arminius - Table of Contents
      To Almighty God alone belong the inherent and absolute right, will, and power of determining concerning us. Since, therefore, it has pleased him to call me, his unworthy servant, from the ecclesiastical functions which I have for some years discharged in the Church of his Son in the populous city of Amsterdam, and to give me the appointment of the ...read
Book
Principal Articles of the Christian Religion - Table of Contents
       The Private Disputations Of James Arminius, D.D. On The Principal Articles Of The Christian Religion. Commenced By The Author Chiefly For The Purpose Of Forming A System Of Divinity DISPUTATION I ON THEOLOGY As we are about again to commence our course of theological disputations under the auspices of our gracious God, we will previously trea ...read
Book
The Apology or Defense - Table of Contents
      CERTAIN articles relating to the Christian Religion are now in a course of circulation. In a paper which was not long since delivered into my hands, the number of them is distinguished into two series, one consisting of twenty and the other of eleven articles. Some of them are attributed to me, others to Adrian Borrius, and several both to him and ...read
ArticleThe Assurance of Salvation
      With regard to the certainty [or assurance] of salvation, my opinion is, that it is possible for him who believes in Jesus Christ to be certain and persuaded, and, if his heart condemn him not, he is now in reality assured, that he is a son of God, and stands in the grace of Jesus Christ. Such a certainty is wrought in the mind, as well by the acti ...read
ArticleThe Divinity of the Son of God
      With regard to the Divinity of the Son of God and the word autoqeov both of which have been discussed in our University in the regular form of scholastic disputations, I cannot sufficiently wonder what the motive can be, which has created a wish in some persons to render me suspected to other men, or to make me an object of suspicion to themselves. ...read
ArticleThe Free-Will of Man
      This is my opinion concerning the free-will of man: In his primitive condition as he came out of the hands of his creator, man was endowed with such a portion of knowledge, holiness and power, as enabled him to understand, esteem, consider, will, and to perform the true good, according to the commandment delivered to him. Yet none of these acts cou ...read
ArticleThe Grace of God
      In reference to Divine Grace, I believe, 1. It is a gratuitous affection by which God is kindly affected towards a miserable sinner, and according to which he, in the first place, gives his Son, "that whosoever believers in him might have eternal life," and, afterwards, he justifies him in Christ Jesus and for his sake, and adopts him into the righ ...read
ArticleThe Justification of Man Before God
      I am not conscious to myself, of having taught or entertained any other sentiments concerning the justification of man before God, than those which are held unanimously by the Reformed and Protestant Churches, and which are in complete agreement with their expressed opinions. There was lately a short controversy in relation to this subject, betwee ...read
ArticleThe Perfection of Believers in This Life
      Beside those doctrines on which I have treated, there is now much discussion among us respecting the perfection of believers, or regenerated persons, in this life; and it is reported, that I entertain sentiments on this subject, which are very improper, and nearly allied to those of the Pelagians, viz: "that it is possible for the regenerate in thi ...read
ArticleThe Perseverance of the Saints
      My sentiments respecting the perseverance of the saints are, that those persons who have been grafted into Christ by true faith, and have thus been made partakers of his life-giving Spirit, possess sufficient powers [or strength] to fight against Satan, sin, the world and their own flesh, and to gain the victory over these enemies--yet not without ...read
ArticleThe Providence Of God
      I consider Divine Providence to be "that solicitous, continued, and universally present inspection and oversight of God, according to which he exercises a general care over the whole world, but evinces a particular concern for all his [intelligent] creatures without any exception, with the design of preserving and governing them in their own essenc ...read
ArticleThe Revision of the Dutch Confession & Heidelberg Catechism
      But, besides these things, I had some annotations to make on the Confession of the Dutch Churches and on the Heidelberg Catechism; but they will be discussed most appropriately in our Synod, which at the first opportunity we hope to obtain through your consent, or rather by means of your summons. This is the sole request which I prefer to your migh ...read
Sermon
Twenty-Five Public Disputations - Table of Contents
      To those most honourable and Prudent Gentlemen, the Burgomaster, Aldermen, and Sheriffs, who are the very Worthy Magistrates of the Famous City of Leyden, and our most Revered Lords and Patrons. Most Prudent and honourable Gentlemen, It is now eight years since our reverend father, who lately died in the Lord, was, by your authority and command, ...read

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