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Isaac Penington
1616-1679

      Isaac Penington was one of the early members of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers).

      Penington was the oldest son of Isaac Penington, a Puritan who had served as the Lord Mayor of London. Penington married a widow named Mary Springett and they had five children. Penington's stepdaughter Gulielma Springett married William Penn. Convinced that the Quaker faith was true, Penington and his wife joined the Friends in 1657 or 1658. Penington became an influential promoter and defender of the Quaker movement, writing extensively on many topics. His writings are prized for their insightful and eloquent exploration of spiritual experience. While read in bulk they can seem repetitious, there is much that is eloquent, moving, and deeply insightful. His Letters have been read continuously within Quakerism for their spiritual counsel, and they deserve to be read more widely within Christianity. His complete works were first published in 1681. They are still in print today and can also be read online.

      Penington became an influential promoter and defender of the Quaker movement, publishing several books about it. He was imprisoned six times for his beliefs, starting in 1661. Sometimes the charge was refusal to take an oath. Taking an oath was something that Friends were against doing (see Testimony of Integrity). Refusing to take an oath was prohibited by the Quaker Act of 1662. At other times Penington was charged with attending a Quaker meeting, which was forbidden by the Conventicle Act of 1664.

      Penington's wife, Mary, was a remarkable woman in her own right. Her daughter Gulielma, from her first marriage, to Sir WIlliam Springett (who died young), became the first wife of WIlliam Penn.

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ArticleA Question proposed to the Rulers, Teachers, and People of England
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ArticleA Salutation of Love to the Commissioners of Peace, &c.
      A SALUTATION OF LOVE AND TENDER GOODWILL TO THE COMMISSIONERS OF THE PEACE FOR THE COUNTY OF BUCKS, AND SUCH OTHERS IN THAT COUNTY, AND ALSO THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AS ARE CONCERNED IN THE CONTENTS HEREOF. [no date] IF I should warn you of the day of the Lord (which is a day of terrible wrath to the transgressing nature, but of peace, love, an ...read
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ArticleA Weighty Question Propounded to the King and Parliament
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ArticleAn Answer to that Common Objection against the Quakers &c.
      AN ANSWER TO THAT COMMON OBJECTION AGAINST THE QUAKERS THAT THEY CONDEMN ALL BUT THEMSELVES WITH A LOVING AND FAITHFUL ADVERTISEMENT TO THE NATION, AND POWERS THEREOF [1660] -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- OBJECTION It is commonly objected against us, That we condemn all but ourselves; ...read
ArticleAn Epistle to all Serious Professors of the Christian Religion
       AN EPISTLE TO ALL SERIOUS PROFESSORS OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION WHEREIN A BRIEF TOUCH OF MY KNOWLEDGE, SENSE, BELIEF, AND EXPERIENCE CONCERNING THE GODHEAD, THE OFFERING UP OF THE L ORD J ESUS C HRIST IN HIS BODY ON THE TREE, AS A PROPITIATORY SACRIFICE TO THE F ATHER, AND THE IMPUTATION OF HIS RIGHTEOUSNESS TO THOSE WHO BELIEVE ...read
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ArticleAn inquiry after Truth and Righteousness, and after the People, &c.
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