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A Retrospect: Chapter 20 - The Mission in 1894

By J. Hudson Taylor


      THE events sketched in the last two chapters have been more fully delineated by Miss Guinness in her interesting Story of the China Inland Mission, which continues its history to the present date. It is indeed a record of the goodness of GOD, every remembrance of which calls for gratitude and praise. We can only here briefly mention a few facts, referring our readers to Miss Guinness's work for all details.

      After a voyage of many mercies the Lammermuir party safely reached China, and during the first ten years stations and out-stations were opened in many cities and towns in four provinces which hitherto had been unreached by the Gospel. At home Mr. and Mrs. Berger continued their devoted service until March 19th, 1872, I having returned to England the year before. Shortly after this the London Council was formed, which has now for several years been assisted by an auxiliary Council of ladies. A Scotch Council was also formed in Glasgow a few years ago.

      A visit to America in 1888 issued in the formation of the Council for North America, and a similar Council for Australasia was commenced in Melbourne two years later. In the field a China Council was organised in 1886, composed of senior missionaries who meet quarterly in Shanghai.

      Closely associated with the C. I. M. are seven Committees--in England, Norway, Sweden (two), Finland, Germany, and the United States--which send out and support their own missionaries, who in China have the assistance of the educational and other advantages of the C. I. M., and who work under its direction.

      The staff of the Mission, in May 1893, consisted of 552 missionaries (including wives and associates). There were also 326 native helpers (95 of whom were unpaid), working as pastors, evangelists, teachers, colporteurs, Bible-women, etc., in 14 different provinces.

      Duly qualified candidates for missionary labour are accepted without restriction as to denomination, provided they are sound in the faith in all fundamental truths: these go out in dependence upon GOD for temporal supplies, with the clear understanding that the officers of the Mission do not guarantee any income whatever; and knowing that as they will not go into debt, they can only minister to them as the funds sent in from time to time will allow. But we praise GOD that during the past twenty-eight years such ministry has always been possible; our GOD has supplied all our need, and has withheld no good thing.

      All the expenses of the Mission at home and abroad are met by voluntary contributions, sent to the offices of the Mission without personal solicitation, by those who wish to aid in this effort to spread the knowledge of the Gospel throughout China. The income for the year 1892 was about L34,000 from all sources--Great Britain, the Continent of Europe, North America, Australasia, China, etc.

      Some of the missionaries having private property have gone out at their own expense, and do not take anything from the Mission funds.

      Stations have been opened in ten of the eleven provinces which were previously without Protestant missionaries; from one of these, however, we have had to retire. The eleventh province has been visited several times, and it is hoped that in it permanent work may soon be begun.

      More than 200 stations and out-stations have been opened in fourteen of the eighteen provinces, in all of which stations either missionaries or native labourers are resident. Over 6000 converts have been baptized from the commencement, some 4000 of whom are now living and in fellowship.

      THE MISSION IN 1902

      The year 1894, in which the first edition of A Retrospect appeared, was marked by the erection of large and commodious premises for the work of the Mission, and early in the following year the houses in Pyrland Road, which had so long formed the home of the Mission in England, were vacated, and NEWINGTON GREEN, LONDON, N., became the address of the Mission offices and home.

      From that date until the Boxer outbreak of 1900 the Mission made steady progress, the development of the work in China being accompanied by corresponding developments in the home departments of the Mission in England, America, and Australasia.

      In January 1900, before the Boxer outbreak, there were in connection with the Mission, 811 missionaries, including wives and associates; 171 stations; 223 out-stations; 387 chapels; 581 paid native helpers; 193 unpaid native helpers; 8557 communicants in fellowship, 12,964 having been baptized from the commencement. There were 266 organised churches; 788 boarding scholars; 1382 day scholars; 6 hospitals; 18 dispensaries; and 46 opium refuges.

      During the terrible year of 1900, when no fewer than 135 missionaries and 53 missionaries' children and many thousands of Chinese Christians were cruelly murdered, the China Inland Mission lost 58 missionaries and 21 children. The records of these unparalleled times of suffering have been told in Martyred Missionaries of the China Inland Mission and in Last Letters, both of which books will be found advertised at the end of this volume. Apart from loss of life, there was an immense amount of Mission property destroyed, and the missionaries were compelled to retire from their stations in most parts of China.

      The doors closed by this outbreak have all been reopened in the goodness of GOD. In those districts which suffered most from the massacres the work has largely been one of reorganisation; but throughout China generally there has been a spirit of awakening and a time of enlarged opportunity; which is a loud call for more men and women to volunteer to step into the gaps and fill the places of those who have fallen.

      Among recent developments we would specially mention the opening of a new home centre at Philadelphia, U.S.A. The total income of the Mission for 1901 was L53,633 = $257,712, and the total received in England alone, for 1902, was L51,446 = $246,912. The total membership of the Mission in June 1902 was 761.

      Current information about the progress of the work in China may be obtained from China's Millions, the organ of the Mission. It is published monthly, and may be ordered through any bookseller from Messrs. Morgan and Scott, 12 Paternoster Buildings, E.C., for 1s. per year, or direct by post from the offices of the Mission, Newington Green, London, N., for 1s. 6d. per annum.

      The Australasian edition of China's Millions may be ordered at the same price from M. L. Hutchinson, Little Collins Street, or from the Mission Offices, 267 Collins Street, Melbourne. The North American edition will be sent post free from the Mission Offices, 507 Church Street, Toronto, for 50 cents per annum.

      Prayer meetings on behalf of the work in China are held at the principal home centres of the Mission, as follows: Every Saturday afternoon from 4 to 6 o'clock, at Newington Green, London. Every Friday evening at 8 o'clock, at 507 Church Street, Toronto. Every Saturday afternoon at 4 o'clock, in the Office, 267 Collins Street, Melbourne. A hearty invitation to attend any one of these meetings is given to any one residing in or visiting any of these cities.

      Donations to the Mission, applications from candidates, orders for literature, requests for deputation speakers, and other correspondence should be forwarded to

            The Secretary,
       China Inland Mission,
             Newington Green, London, N.

            The Home Director,
       China Inland Mission,
             507 Church Street, Toronto, Canada.

      or

            702 Witherspoon Buildings, Philadelphia, U.S.A.

      or to

            The Secretary,
       China Inland Mission,
             267 Collins Street, Melbourne, Australia.

      STATIONS OF THE CHINA INLAND MISSION

      1900

      (BEFORE THE BOXER OUTBREAK)
      

Provinces.Stations.Work
Begun.
Kan-suh, 1876Liang-chau1888
 Si-ning1885
 LAN-CHAU1885
 Ts'in-chau1878
Area, 125,450 square miles.Fu K'iang1899
Population, 9,285,377.P'ing-liang1895
 King-chau1895
 Ts'ing-ning1897
 Chen-yuen1897
 Tong-chi1899

Shen-si, 1876.Lung-chau1893
 Feng-tsiang1888
 Mei-hien1893
 K'ien-chau1894
Area, 67,400 square miles.Chau-chih1893
Population, 8,432,193.Sang-kia-chuang1894
 Hing-p'ing1893
 SI-GAN1893
 Ying-kia-wei1893
Chen-kia-hu1897
 Lan-t'ien1895
 K'ien-yang1897
 Ch'ang-wu1897
 San-shui1897
 T'ung-chau1891
 Han-ch'eng1897
 Han-chung1879
 Ch'eng-ku1887
 Si-hsiang1896
 Yang-hien1896
 Hing-an1898

Shan-si, 1876Ta-t'ung1886
 Hwen-yuen1898
 Soh-p'ing1895
 Tsö-yuin1895
 Ying-chau1897
 Hiao-i1887
 Kiai-hiu1891
 Sih-chau1885
 Ta-ning1885
 Kih-chau1891
 Ho-tsin1893
 Ping-yao1888
Area, 56,268 square miles.Hoh-chau1886
Population, 12,211,453.Hung-t'ung1886
 Yoh-yang1896
 P'ing-yang1879
 K'üh-wu1885
 I-shï1891
 Yüin-ch'eng1888
 Mei-ti-kiai1895
 Hiai-chau1895
 Lu-ch'eng1889
 Ü-wu1896
 Lu-gan1889
 Kiang-chau1898

Chih-li, 1887T'ien-tsin1888
Area, 58,949 square miles.PAO-T'ING1891
Population, 17,937,000.Hwuy-luh1887
Shun-teh1888

Shan-tung, 1879Chefoo1879
    "    Sanatorium1880
    "    Boys' School1880
Area, 53,762 square miles.   "    Girls'    "1884
Population, 36,247,835.   "   Preparatory School1895
 T'ung-shin1889
 Ning-hai1886

Ho-nan, 1875Siang-ch'eng1891
 Chau-kia-k'eo1884
 Ho-nan...
 Ho-peh...
 Ho-si...
Area, 66,913 square miles.Ch'en-chau1895
Population, 22,115,827.T'ai-k'ang1895
 She-k'i-tien1886
 Kwang-chau1899
 Hin-an1899
 King-tsï-kuan1896

W. Si-ch'uan, 1877Kwan-hien1889
 CH'EN-TU1881
 Kia-ting1888
Area of whole Province, 166,800 square miles.Sui-fu1888
 Lu-chau1890
 Hiao-shï1899
 Ch'ung-k'ing1877
 Ta-chien-lu1897
E. Si-ch'uan, 1886Kwang-yuen1889
 Sin-tien-tsï1892
 Pao-ning1886
 Ying-shan1898
Population of whole Province, 67,712,897.Kü-hien1898
 Shun-k'ing1896
 Pa-chau1887
 Sui-ting1899
 Wan-hien1888

Hu-peh, 1874Lao-ho-k'eo1887
Area, 70,450 square miles.Han-kow1889
Population, 34,244,685.I-ch'ang1895

Gan-hwuy, 1869T'ai-ho1892
 Ving-chau1897
 Ch'eng-yang-kwan1887
 K'u-ch'eng1887
 Fuh-hing-tsih (Lai-gan)1898
 Luh-gan1890
 GAN-K'ING1869
Area, 48,461 square miles.Training Home...
Population, 20,596,288.Wu-hu1893
 Kien-p'ing1894
 Ning-kwoh1874
 Kwang-teh1890
 Ch'i-chau1889
 Kien-teh1892
 Hwuy-chau1884

Kiang-su, 1854Gan-tung1891
 Ts'ing-kiang-pu1869
 Kao-yiu1888
 Yang-chau1868
 Training Home...
 Chin-kiang1888
Area, 44,500 square miles.Shanghai1854
Population, 20,905,171.Financial Department...
 Business Department...
 Home...
 Hospital...
 Evangelistic Work...
 Literary Work...

Yun-nan, 1877Bhâmo (Upper Burmah)1875
Area, 107,969 square miles.Ta-li1881
Population, 11,721,576.YUN-NAN1882
 K'üh-ts'ing1889

Kwei-chau, 1877Kwei-yang1877
 Gan-shun1888
Area, 64,554 square miles.Tuh-shan1893
Population, 7,669,181.Hing-i1891
 (Work among Aborigines)...
 P'ang-hai1897

Hu-nan, 1875Ch'ang-teh1898
Area, 74,320 square miles.Shen-chau1898
Population, 21,002,604.Ch'a-ling1898

Kiang-si, 1869Kiu-kiang1889
 Ku-ling Sanatorium1898
 Ta-ku-t'ang1873
 Nan-k'ang1887
 Gan-ren1889
 Rao-chau1898
 Peh-kan1893
 Kwei-k'i1878
 Shang-ts'ing1893
 Hü-wan1899
 Ih-yang1890
Area, 72,176 square miles.Ho-k'eo1878
Population, 24,534,118.Yang-k'eo1890
 Kwang-feng1889
 Yuh-shan1877
 Chang-shu1895
 Kui-gan1891
 Feng-kang1891
 Kan-chau1899
 Sin-feng1899
 Lin-kiang1898
 NAN-CH'ANG1898
 Uen-chau (Itinerating)...
 Yung-sin1899

Cheh-kiang, 1857HANG-CHAU1866
 Shao-hing1866
 Sin-ch'ang1870
 Kiu-chau1872
 Ch'ang-shan1878
 Lan-k'i1894
Area, 39,150 square miles.Kin-hwa1875
Population, 11,588,692.Yung-k'ang1882
 Tseh-k'i1897
 Ch'u-chau1875
 Lung-ch'uen1894
 Uin-ho1895
Song-yang1896
 Siao-mei1896
 Tsin-yun1898
 Ning-p'o1857
 Fung-hwa1866
 Ning-hai1868
 T'ien-t'ai1898
 T'ai-chau1867
 Ling-he District...
 Hwang-yen1896
 T'ai-p'ing1898
 Wun-chau1867
 Bing-yae1874

      FOOTNOTES:

      [4] Arranged in three lines from west to east, for easy reference to Map. The dates in this column in many cases are of itinerations begun.

      [5] Capitals of Provinces in capital letters; of Prefectures in small capitals; and of Counties in romans; Market Towns in italics.

      [6] Areas and populations are from The Statesman's Year Book.

Back to J. Hudson Taylor index.

See Also:
   Chapter 1 - The Power Of Prayer
   Chapter 2 - The Call to Service
   Chapter 3 - Preparation for Service
   Chapter 4 - Further Answers to Prayer
   Chapter 5 - Life in London
   Chapter 6 - Strengthened by Faith
   Chapter 7 - Mighty to Save
   Chapter 8 - Voyage to China
   Chapter 9 - Early Missionary Experiences
   Chapter 10 - First Evangelistic Efforts
   Chapter 11 - With the Rev. William Burns
   Chapter 12 - Called to Swatow
   Chapter 13 - Man Proposes, God Disposes
   Chapter 14 - Providential Guidance
   Chapter 15 - Settlement in Ningpo
   Chapter 16 - Timely Supplies
   Chapter 17 - God a Refuge for Us
   Chapter 18 - A New Agency Needed
   Chapter 19 - The Formation of the C. I. M.
   Chapter 20 - The Mission in 1894

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