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John Gill
1697 - 1771

      John Gill was an English Baptist, biblical scholar, "Jehovist", and held to a staunch Calvinistic Soteriology. Born in Kettering, Northamptonshire, he attended Kettering Grammar School where he mastered the Latin classics and learned Greek by age 11. He continued self-study in everything from logic to Hebrew, his love for the latter remaining throughout his life.

      At the age of about 12, Gill heard a sermon from his pastor, William Wallis, on the text, "And the Lord called unto Adam, and said unto him, where art thou?" (Genesis 3:9). The message stayed with Gill and eventually led to his conversion. It was not until seven years later that he made a public profession when he was 18.

      His first pastoral work was as an intern assisting John Davis at Higham Ferrers in 1718 at age 21. He became pastor at the Strict Baptist church at Goat Yard Chapel, Horsleydown, Southwark in 1719. His pastorate lasted 51 years. In 1757 his congregation needed larger premises and moved to a Carter Lane, St. Olave‚Äôs Street, Southwark. This Baptist church was once pastored by Benjamin Keach and would later become the New Park Street Chapel and then the Metropolitan Tabernacle pastored by Charles Spurgeon.

      In 1748, Gill was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity by the University of Aberdeen. He was a profound scholar and a prolific author, publishing many works.

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Biography Life, Writings, and Character of the Late Reverend John Gill
      A SUMMARY OF THE LIFE, WRITINGS, AND CHARACTER, OF THE LATE REVEREND AND LEARNED JOHN GILL, D. D. DR. JOHN GILL was born at Kettering, in Northamptonshire, Nov. 23, O. S. 1697: his parents were EDWARD GILL, and ELIZABETH his wife, whose maiden name was WALKER. They were religious and pious persons; whose circumstances did not reach affluenc
SermonA Declaration of the Faith and Practice of the Church of Christ
      IN CARTER LANE, SOUTHWARK, UNDER THE PASTORAL CARE OF Dr. JOHN GILL, Read and assented to at the Admission of Members. Having been enabled, through divine grace, to give up ourselves to the Lord, and likewise to one another by the will of God, we account it a duty incumbent upon us, to make a declaration of our faith and practice, to the honou
PamphletA Defence of The Ancient Mode of Baptizing by Immersion, Plunging, or Dipping into Water
      AGAINST MR. MATTHIAS MAURICE'S REPLY, CALLED, Plunging into Water no Scriptural Mode of Baptizing, etc. Chapter 1. Some Remarks on Mr. M's entrance to his Work Having lately attempted to vindicate the ancient mode of baptizing, by immersion, plunging, or dipping into water, against the exceptions of an anonymous pamphlet, entitled,
SermonA Discourse on Prayer
      1 CORINTHIANS 14:15; former Part. What is it then ? I will pray the Spirit, and will pray with the understanding also. The design of this epistle is chiefly to reprove the Church at Corinth for the divisions and contentions, which were there fomented and kept up on account of their ministers; some being for Paul, some for Apollo, and others f
SermonA Discourse on Singing of Psalms as a Part of Divine Worship
      Preached The 25th Of December, 1733 To A Society Of Young Men, Who Carry On An Exercise Of Prayer On Lord's-Day Mornings, At A Meeting-House On Horslydown, Southwark. 1 CORINTHIANS 14:15 (Latter Part) I will sing with the Spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also. On this day in the last year, you were pleased to call me
ArticleA Dissertation concerning the Eternal Sonship of Christ
      Shewing By Whom It Has Been Denied And Opposed, and By Whom Asserted And Defended In All Ages Of Christianity. The eternal Sonship of Christ, or that he is the Son of God by eternal generation, or that he was the Son of God before he was the son of Mary, even from all eternity, which is denied by the Socinians, and others akin, to them, was k
ArticleA Dissertation Concerning The Rise and Progress of Popery
      What is generally meant and understood by Popery, is well known. As for the name it matters not from whence and from whom it is, nor when it began to be in use, nor in what sense the word papa is used in heathen and ecclesiastical writers. By the latter it was given to Christian bishops in common; as to Cyprian, Athanasius, Austin, Epiphanius, and
SermonA Good Hope through Grace
      Occasioned By The Death Of Mr. Edward Ludlow. Preached Jan. 1, 1749. ...And good hope through grace. -- 2 Thessalonians 2:16 Three things the apostle does in the context: he describes the happy state and condition of the persons he writes to; he exhorts them to stand fast in the faith, and hold fast the truth; and he prays for them. Firs
SermonA Knowledge of Christ, and of Interest in Him
      THE SUPPORT OF A BELIEVER IN LIFE AND IN DEATH. A Discourse occasioned by the Death of Mr. Joshua Hayes. 2 TIMOTHY 1:12 I know in whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day. THE occasion of my reading these words, at this time is the decease of Mr. Joshua Hayes,
SermonA Principle of Grace in the Heart
      A GOOD THING ALWAYS TENDING TOWARDS THE LORD GOD OF ISRAEL. 1 KINGS 14:13 Because in him there is found some good thing towards the Lord God of Israel. The whole verse reads thus, And all Israel shall mourn for him; for he only, of Jeroboam, shall come to the grave; because in him was found some good thing towards the Lord God of Israel,
LetterA Reply to a Book: A Defense of the Divine Right of Infant-Baptism
      By Peter Clark, A.M. Minister at Salem In A Letter To A Friend At Boston In New-England. To Which Are Added, Some Strictures On A Late Treatise, Called, A Fair And Rational Vindication Of The Right Of Infants To The Ordinance Of Baptism. Written by David Bostwick, A.M. Late Minister of the Presbyterian Church in the City of New-York T
SermonA Sermon Occasioned by the Death of Elizabeth Gill
      Preached June 4, 1738. To which is added, An Account of some of her Choice Experiences. 1 THESSALONIANS 4:13, 14. But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope. For if we believe that Jesus died, and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesu
SermonA Sermon Occasioned by the Death of Mr. Aaron Spurrier, Baptist Minister
      Late Pastor of a Church of CHRIST at Limehouse. [1] Preached Sept. 17, 1749. PHILIPPIANS 1:23. --Having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better. ABOUT two years ago I stood in this place, and delivered a discourse at the ordination of your late pastor, and now I am here at his dying request to preach his funeral ser
SermonA Sermon Occasioned by the Death of Mr. Benjamin Seward, Esquire
      Preached April 8, 1753. PSALM 37:37. Mark the perfect man, and behold the upright; for the end of that man is peace. THE occasion of my reading these words to you, at this time, is the decease of BENJAMIN SEWARD, Esq; late of Bengworth in Worcestershire. The last Lord's day he worshipped in public with saints below, was in this place; jus
SermonA Sermon Occasioned by the Death of Mr. Samuel Wilson, Baptist Minister
      Preached October 14, 1750. ACTS 20:38. Sorrowing most of all for the word which he spake, that they should see his face no more. BEING desired by you, the brethren and members of this church, to assist in your sorrow, on account of the death of your late dear pastor, in which I sincerely bear a part with you; and no passage of scripture be
SermonA Sermon Occasioned by the Death of Mrs. Mary Fall
      Late Wife Of The Reverend Mr. James Fall Of Watford, Herts. Preached April 13, 1739. ISAIAH 30:21. -- This is the way, walk ye in it -- THIS part of Isaiah's prophecy was delivered by him at a time when Sennacherib, king of Assyria, had invaded the land of Judea, and was about to besiege the city of Jerusalem; which struck the inhabitant
ArticleAn Answer To A Welsh Clergyman's Twenty Arguments in Favor of Infant-Baptism
      With Some STRICTURES on what the said AUTHOR has advanced concerning the Mode of BAPTISM. A BOOK some time ago being published in the Welch language, entitled, "A Guide to a saving Knowledge of the Principles and Duties of Religion, viz. Questions and Scriptural Answers, relating to the Doctrine contained in the Church Catechism," etc. Som
ArticleAntipedobaptism; or Infant-Baptism, an Innovation
      Being a Reply To A Late Pamphlet, Entitled, PAEDOBAPTISM; Or, A Defence of Infant-baptism, in point of Antiquity, etc. A pamphlet being published some time ago by a nameless author, entitled, The baptism of Infants a reasonable Service, etc. I wrote an answer to it, chiefly relating to the antiquity of infant-baptism, called, The argument from
SermonAttendance in Places of Religious Worship, Morning Sermon
      Attendance In Places OF RELIGIOUS WORSHIP WHERE THE DIVINE NAME IS RECORDED, ENCOURAGED. Sermon I, Preached October 9, 1757, at the Opening of a New Place for Worship, in Carter-lane St. Olave's-street, Southwark. EXODUS 20:24 1n all places, where I record my name, I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee. THIS chapter begins w
SermonAttendance in Places of Religious Worship, Evening Sermon
      Attendance In Places OF RELIGIOUS WORSHIP WHERE THE DIVINE NAME IS RECORDED, ENCOURAGED. Sermon II, Preached October 9, 1757, at the Opening of a New Place for Worship, in Carter-lane St. Olave's-street, Southwark. EXODUS 20:24 In all places, where I record my name, I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee. Two things have been

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