Jonathan Edwards was the only boy among eleven children. In 1720 he graduated from Yale as the valedictorian of his class. He continued at Yale working on a graduate degree in theology and was saved at the age of seventeen. Edwards was ordained in 1727 and joined his grandfather as an assistant pastor. In 1729 he became pastor of the church in Northampton, Massachusetts, which had some six hundred members. In 1735 God's blessing on his preaching resulted in a great revival with more than three hundred people saved and added to the church. Edwards is considered to be one of the men most responsible for the Great Awakening. His famous sermon, "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God," was first preached in 1741 at Enfield, Massachusetts. In 1750 Edwards was voted out by his church after his attempt to limit church membership to those who made a profession of faith in Christ.
He spent the next seven years as a missionary to the Indians at Stockbridge, Massachusetts. In 1758 he accepted the presidency of the College of New Jersey (now called Princeton). After just weeks on the job, he died from smallpox brought on by an inoculation to protect him from the disease. Jonathan Edwards and his wife had eleven children. He spent one hour each night in conversation and instruction with his family. His daughter Jerusha was engaged to David Brainerd when he died of tuberculosis. Edwards' two most famous literary works are The Life and Diary of David Brainerd (1749) and Freedom of the Will (1754). Edwards is buried in Princeton, New Jersey.
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A Divine and Supernatural Light
A Divine And Supernatural Light
IMMEDIATELY IMPARTED TO THE SOUL, BY THE SPIRIT OF GOD, SHOWN TO BE BOTH A SCRIPTURAL AND RATIONAL DOCTRINE
Preached in Northampton, and published at the desire of the hearers, in the year 1734.
And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood ...read
A Faithful Narrative of the Surprising Work of God A Faithful Narrative of the Surprising Work of God is Jonathan Edwards' own account of the mighty way in which God moved among the people of Northampton, Massachusetts and other nearby communities in the early stages of what has become known as The Great Awakening. There is much to be learned from Edwards regarding the nature of true conversion an ...read
A Farewell Sermon A FAREWELL SERMON
Preached at the First Church in Northampton, MA after being voted out as the Pastor
July 1, 1750.
2 Corinthians 1:14
As also you have acknowledged us in part, that we are your rejoicing, even as ye also are ours in the day of the Lord Jesus.
Subject: Ministers and people that are under their care, mus ...read
An Account of the Revival of Religion in Northampton in 1740 - 1742 An Account of the Revival of Religion in Northampton in 1740 - 1742
As Communicated in a Letter to the Rev. Thomas Prince of Boston, MA
Evidently intended for publication, this letter was entitled "The State of Religion at Northampton in the County of Hampshire, About 100 Miles Westward of Boston". It was published in The Christian History, ...read
An Unpublished Essay on the Trinity IT IS COMMON when speaking of the Divine happiness to say that God is infinitely happy in the enjoyment of Himself, in perfectly beholding and infinitely loving, and rejoicing in, His own essence and perfection, and accordingly it must be supposed that God perpetually and eternally has a most perfect idea of Himself, as it were an exact image and r ...read
Christ Exalted Christ Exalted
JESUS CHRIST GLORIOUSLY EXALTED ABOVE ALL EVIL IN THE WORK OF REDEMPTION
Dated August 1738. Lecture.
1 Corinthians 15:25, 26
For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet. The last enemy that shall be destroyed, is death.
Subject: Our Lord Jesus Christ in the work of redemption gloriously appea ...read
Christ the Example of Ministers Christ The Example Of Minsters
Preached at Portsmouth, at the ordination of the Rev. Mr. Job Strong, June 28, 1749.
John 13:15, 16
For I have given you an example, that he should do as I have done to you. Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord, neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him.
Christian Cautions (Or the necessity of self-examination) Christian Cautions
THE NECESSITY OF SELF-EXAMINATION
Psalms 139:23, 24
Search me, O God, and know my heart; try me, and know my thoughts; and see if there be any wicked way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting..
Dated September 1733. This Tract contains the substance of four posthumous discourses, on the text prefixed, firs ...read
Christian Charity (Or the duty of charity to the poor, explained and enforced) Christian Charity
THE DUTY OF CHARITY TO THE POOR, EXPLAINED AND ENFORCED
Dated January 1732/3.
If there be among you a poor man of one of thy brethren within any of thy gates in thy land which the Lord thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not harden thine heart, nor shut thine hand from thy po ...read
Christian Knowledge Christian Knowledge
THE IMPORTANCE AND ADVANTAGE OF A THOROUGH KNOWLEDGE OF DIVINE TRUTH
For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat.
THESE words are a complain ...read
And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly, and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.
OUR Lord Jesus Christ, in his original nature, was infinitely above all suffering, for he was "God over all, blessed for evermore;" but, when he became man, he was not only capable of suffering, but ...read
Diary - After Receiving Masters Degree - 1723
AFTER RECEIVING MASTER'S DEGREE AT YALE
Thursday forenoon, Oct. 4, 1723. Have this day fixed and established it, that Christ Jesus has promised me faithfully, that, if I will do what is my duty, and according to the best of my prudence in the matter, that my condition in this world shall be better for me than any other condition wha ...read
Diary - Back at Home - 1723 BACK IN EAST WINDSOR WITH TRAVELS TO NORWICH AND BOSTON
Wednesday forenoon, May 1. Last night I came home, after my melancholy parting from New York.
I have always, in every different state of life I have hitherto been in, thought that the troubles and difficulties of that state were greater than those of any other state that I propos ...read
Diary - Dwight's Preface - 1829 PREFACE TO JONATHAN EDWARDS DIARY
Sereno Dwight, 1829
The diary of Mr. Edwards begins Dec. 18, 1722, when he was nineteen years of age. As far as to Jan. 15th, at night, it is written on two detached slips of paper; and the remainder in a book. [He mentions, Jan. 14th, his making the book, and annexing the loose papers to ...read
Diary - First Pastorate 1722
AT NEW YORK PASTORATE
Dec. 18. This day made the 35th Resolution. The reason why I, in the least, question my interest in God's love and favor, is, - 1. Because I cannot speak so fully to my experience of that preparatory work, of which divines speak: - 2. I do not remember that I experienced regeneration, exactly in those steps, in which ...read
Diary - Northampton Pastorate - 1726 AT NORTHAMPTON PASTORATE
Sept. 26, 1726. 'Tis just about three years, that I have been for the most part in a low, sunk estate and condition, miserably senseless to what I used to be about spiritual things. 'Twas three years ago, the week before commencement; just about the same time this year, I began to be somewhat as I used to be.
Diary - Tutor at Yale - 1724
TUTOR AT YALE COLLEGE
Saturday night, June 6. This week has been a very remarkable week with me, with respect to despondencies, fears, perplexities, multitudes of cares, and distraction of mind: it being the week I came hither to New Haven, in order to entrance upon the office of Tutor of the College. I have now, abundant reason to be c ...read
Directions For Judging of Person' Experiences "See to it
That the operation be such upon the will or heart, not on the Imagination, nor on the speculative understanding or motions of the mind, though they draw great affections after 'em as the consequence.
That the trouble of mind be reasonable, that the mind be troubled about those things that it has reason to be troubled about; and ...read
Dishonesty (or the sin of theft and of injustice) Dishonesty
THE SIN OF THEFT AND OF INJUSTICE
Dated July, 1740.
Thou shalt not steal.
Subject: An unjust usurping of our neighbor's property without his consent is forbidden by the eighth commandment.
This is one of the ten commandments which constitute a summary of man's duty, as revealed by God. God made many ...read